Theatre as an art form originated in early religious ceremonies. There is a certain level of intimacy that is involved with a theatre performance. The best of theater productions have sufficient practice time and time to explore different avenues with the directors before premiere night. The characters get comfortable with their role over time, and by the time they have to execute their set to the public, they have had multiple rehearsals. In a theater, performing artists and the group of onlookers are isolated by a couple of feet. Everybody in the gathering of people needs to be able to see the performance and hear the exchange in front of an audience, so theater characters must exaggerate their movement and talk audibly, so as to make sure the audience is left with an impact.
On the other hand, films originated in the early 20th century. Film sets are disorganized spots involving specialized actors. For an on-screen character, this exhibits a few difficulties, as they get very little practice time. For another, contingent upon the extent of the job, they may not get adequate direction by their team. Movies employ characters and assume that they will come completely prepared. The intimacy in a film depends on the way the scene is shot, and the camera angles used. Movies, as opposed to the theatre, utilize a camera to dispense with the separation among the entertainer and the onlooker. The nearness of the camera, lights, amplifiers, enhancements, and music all serve to upgrade a film performer’s execution.
Live theater and film are altogether very different works of art, made for various groups of onlookers. Theater is an older art form, and thus more familiar to individuals, while film is still relatively new. Plays are composed and after that adapted, while screenplays are adjusted as they are being composed. Theater is susceptible to many more unforeseen changes, and on-screen characters must be adaptable and willing to improvise, even in unpredictable moments. However, with film, you get multiple chances with each scene, so as to ensure perfection.
In the midst of many differences, what is common between the two is the ability to evoke reactions and invoke emotions, which is why they both have their own place of importance. Film has the advantage of being able to reach out to a very large audience, as thus the impact of the work has potentially wider reach. They have the ability to entertain, educate and also persuade. They can be adapted into different languages and with subtitles they have the ability to reach even remote parts of society. Theatre too, has many advantages. Understanding the subtext of theatre allows one to empathize with characters. Even for the performers, the kind of teamwork required to make a show a success is an essential part of character building.